Printing Terms Dictionary

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Kbs: Kilobytes per second.

Kbyte (K): Kilobyte. One thousand bytes. To a computer, it's actually 1,024 bytes.

Kelvin, 5000 degrees: Color temperature is frequently used to describe the color quality of light in terms of degrees of Kelvin. The lower the temperature the more yellow and red are found the higher the temperature and the bluer the light will look. 5000 degrees is an average. It is considered to produce reflected or transmitted colors as close to normal sunlight (as is possible). In the printing and photographic industries, it is used as a normal viewing condition for purposes of standardization industry wide. Fluorescent lights which are 5000 degrees Kelvin with a CRI index of 90 or more are required.

Kernel: The Windows 9x core component responsible for implementing the basic operating system functions of Windows 9x including virtual memory management, task scheduling and file I/O services. The kernel is completely 32 bit, and its implementation is Kernel32.dll.

Kerning: The amount of space between characters, initially determined by the design of the font. You can adjust the spacing between to make it more aesthetically pleasing.

Keyline: A black lined area on a layout or art board indicating a precise area for the placement of a color or black and white reproduction. It is generally noted specifically to use the black line to "trap" the photo to the background or to drop the black line and simply use the keyline to create the window for a halftone placement.

Keyword: An essential or definitive term that can be used for indexing data, for later search and retrieval.

Kludge: A programming term for a workaround or an inelegant solution to a problem.

Knockout: An area on a printer's spot-color overlay in which the overlapping color is deleted so the background color shows through.